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Archive for September, 2008

 

EKSPLORASI HIJAUAN PAKAN KUDA DAN KANDUNGAN

NUTRISINYA

(Exploration of Forages for Horse and its Nutritive Value)

MANSYUR, U. HIDAYAT TANUWIRIA dan DENY RUSMANA

Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung

ABSTRACT (pdf)

Information of kind, nutrive value, and used of forages for horse is limited. The aim of this research was to know the kind and nutrive value of forages for horse. The research was conducted in Kecamatan Kadungora, Wanaraja, and Bl Limbangan Kabupaten Garut West Java. Analysis of nutrive value of forage was done at Laboratory of Forage Crops and Laboratory of Ruminant Nutrition and Feed Chemistry. Survey method and stratified random sampling were used in this research. Research result showed that feeding system of horse farmers based on the habit from forefathers, the mean of nutrive values from Oplismenus burmanni, Cynodon dactylon and Brachiaria mutica were good as forages. Based on botanical composition and nutrive value, development and improvement of Oplismenus burmanni, Cynodon dactylon and Brachiaria mutica were needed.

Key Words: Forage, Botanical Composation, Nutrive Value, Horse

 

 

Degradation of tropical roughages and concentrate feeds in the rumen

 M.N.M. Ibrahima, S. Tammingab, G. Zemmelinka

 

 

 

aDepartment of Animal Production Systems, Agricultural University, P.O. Box 338,

6700 AH Wageningen. The Netherlands

bDepartment of Animal Nutrition, Agricultural University, P. 0. Box 338. 6700 AH Wageningen,

The Netherlands

Abstract(more, pdf) 

Degradation characteristics of four grasses, three leguminous fodder species, jack leaves, coconut meal and rice bran were studied using the nylon bag procedure. Bag incubations up to 10 days were performed in the rumen of cows fed on a ration consisting of 50% wheat straw and 50% hay.

Degradation characteristics for organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and nitrogen (N) were evaluated using a two fraction model with a fixed undegradable fraction ( V) and lag time. Among the grasses, the degradable fractions (D) of OM and NDF in NB21 and guinea grass were significantly higher (P <0.05) than in the other two grasses. Guinea grass not only had the highest N content (20.3 g kg- ’ dry matter (DM) ), but also its D fraction was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that of the other grasses. The rate of degradation (/cd) for all components studied did not differ significantly between grasses. Unlike in grass species, the D and U values obtained for OM, NDF,

and N in legumes species did not differ significantly, but the k,, values were significantly (P < 0.05) different.

Except for the long lag phase in jack leaves, which ranged from 10.4 h for NDF to 11.5 h for N, all other degradation-characteristics were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than for grasses and rice bran. The poor nutritive value of rice bran obtained from a commercial mill was reflected in the extremely high U fraction (47%, 66% and 22% for OM, NDF and N, respectively). Nevertheless, the degradation characteristics (D and kd) for N were significantly better than for grasses. Coconut meal had the highest potentially degradable fraction (D+ water soluble fraction).

Rumen degradable N content in grasses ranged from 41% (guinea) to 60% (ruzi), and in legumes from 69% (leucaena) to 79% (glyricidia). About 67% of the N present in jack leaves and rice bran was rumen degradable.

Keywords: Tropical feedstuffs; Nylon bag technique

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Penggunaan Feses Sebagai Pengganti Cairan Rumen Pada Teknik
In Vitro : Estimasi Kecernaan Bahan Kering dan
Bahan Organik Beberapa Jenis Rumput
M. Afdal dan Edi Erwan
Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jambi kampus Mandalo Darat Jambi 36361

PENDAHULUAN
Di beberapa negara Eropa dan Amerika telah dilakukan usaha pemanfaatan inokulan feses sebagai pengganti cairan rumen dalam mengevaluasi kecernaan pakan ternak. Berbagai usaha telah dilakukan dalam pemanfaatan feses sebagai alternatif pengganti cairan rumen. Balfe (1985) pertama kali menggunakan cairan feses sebagai pengganti cairan rumen dalam teknik Dua Langkah Tilley and Terry. Kemudian diikuti oleh Akhter (1994) dan Omed dkk (1998) menggunakan feses dalam teknik in vitro gas. baca selanjutnya pdf

Animal Feed Science and Technology 54 ( 1995) 8 1-92

 

Degradation of tropical roughages and concentrate

feeds in the rumen

M.N.M. Ibrahim”~“, S. Tammingab, G. Zemmelink”

“Department of Animal Production Systems, Agricultural University, P.O. Box 338,

6700 AH Wageningen. The Netherlands

bDepartment of Animal Nutrition, Agricultural University, P. 0. Box 338. 6700 AH Wageningen,

The Netherlands

Received 15 June 1994; accepted I7 November 1994

Abstract

Degradation characteristics of four grasses, three leguminous fodder species, jack leaves, coconut meal and rice bran were studied using the nylon bag procedure. Bag incubations up to 10 days were performed in the rumen of cows fed on a ration consisting of 50% wheat straw and 50% hay. Degradation characteristics for organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and nitrogen (N) were evaluated using a two fraction model with a fixed undegradable fraction ( V) and lag time. Among the grasses, the degradable fractions (D) of OM and NDF in NB21 and guinea grass were significantly higher (P <0.05) than in the other two grasses. Guinea grass not only had the highest N content (20.3 g kg- dry matter (DM) ), but also its D fraction was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that of the other grasses. The rate of degradation (/cd) for all components studied did not differ significantly between grasses. Unlike in grass species, the D and U values obtained for OM, NDF, and N in legumes species did not differ significantly, but the k,, values were significantly (P < 0.05) different.

Except for the long lag phase in jack leaves, which ranged from 10.4 h for NDF to 11.5 h for N, all other degradation-characteristics were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than for grasses and rice bran. The poor nutritive value of rice bran obtained from a commercial mill was reflected in the extremely high U fraction (47%, 66% and 22% for OM, NDF and N, respectively). Nevertheless, the degradation characteristics (D and kd) for N were significantly better than for grasses. Coconut meal had the highest potentially degradable fraction (D+ water soluble fraction). Rumen degradable N content in grasses ranged from 41% (guinea) to 60% (ruzi), and in legumes from 69% (leucaena) to 79% (glyricidia). About 67% of the N present in jack leaves and rice bran was rumen degradable. (more read pdf)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Palatability Test of Some Kind of Processing of Oil Palm Frond on Bali Cows

M. Afdal12, S Syarif1, A Kasim2, D.I. Givens3

1Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Jambi University, Jambi, Indonesia. 2Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Centre for Dairy Research, The University of Reading, UK

Introduction Palm oil frond (POF) is one of by products from palm oil plantation that indicates the disturbance of the environment in Indonesia and Malaysia as development of palm oil industry in this area now a day. Indonesia Statistical Biro (2006) reported that the production of POF was around 10,869,365 ton from around 3,682,900 ha of palm oil plantation in Indonesia. Alimon and Hair Bejo (1995) reported that the chemical content of POF is 47, 385, 787 556 g kg-1 and 5.65 MJ kg-1 for crude protein (CP), crude fibre (CF), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF) and energy metabolism respectively. On the other hand, this product might be used as an alternative ruminant feed. There was not any information dealing with POF especially its palatability. Therefore it is needed to study the utilization of this by-product in ration of ruminant. The aims of this study were to evaluate the chemical content and the palatability of POF, and proportion of POF eaten by animal.

terus baca

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Penggunaan Feses Sebagai Pengganti Cairan Rumen Pada Teknik
In Vitro : Estimasi Kecernaan Bahan Kering dan
Bahan Organik Beberapa Jenis Rumput
M. Afdal dan Edi Erwan
Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Jambi kampus Mandalo Darat Jambi 36361

PENDAHULUAN
Di beberapa negara Eropa dan Amerika telah dilakukan usaha pemanfaatan inokulan feses sebagai pengganti cairan rumen dalam mengevaluasi kecernaan pakan ternak. Berbagai usaha telah dilakukan dalam pemanfaatan feses sebagai alternatif pengganti cairan rumen. Balfe (1985) pertama kali menggunakan cairan feses sebagai pengganti cairan rumen dalam teknik Dua Langkah Tilley and Terry. Kemudian diikuti oleh Akhter (1994) dan Omed dkk (1998) menggunakan feses dalam teknik in vitro gas.
Feses berpotensi digunakan sebagai pengganti cairan rumen dalam teknik in vitro. Mikroba yang terdapat pada feses segar ataupun dalam rektum masih dapat dimanfaatkan sebagaimana yang dilakukan dalam penggunaan cairan rumen dalam teknik in vitro. Informasi mengenai komposisi mikroba serta aktifitas hidrolitik dan fermentatif pada feses belum banyak diketahui, tetapi Omed dkk (2000) melaporkan bahwa beberapa spesies mikroba yang terdapat di dalam cairan rumen juga terdapat di dalam feses. Afdal (2003) melaporkan bahwa produksi gas lebih tinggi bila menggunakan cairan rumen dibandingkan cairan rektum pada inkubasi selulosa, hay yang dicuci dan hay, sementara tidak menunjukkan perbedaan pada inkubasi pati dan glukosa.

terus baca

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Efforts To Use The Faeces Liquor As An Alternative Inoculum

In In Vitro Technique

Muhammad Afdal

Department of  Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture Universiti Putra Malaysia

Laboratory of Ruminant Nutrition, Faculty of Animal husbandry, University of Jambi, Indonesia

Februari 2008

1. Introduction

Rumen liquor has been widely used as inoculum in some in vitro techniques of feed evaluation. This liquor has been firstly used by Tilley and Terry (1963) for their two-step technique of feed evaluation. It was then also applied in the rumen simulation technique (Czerkawski and Breckenridge, 1977) and in the gas producton technique (Menke, et al, 1979 and Theodorou et a, 1994) all over the world. Until now rumen liquor is still the only inoculum used in in vitro technique.

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